Nopal Research Information

Dr Oz, in his December 2010 show, said that prickly pear cactus comes from the Grand Canyon in Arizona and is full of tons of fiber and very beneficial. Bryce Wylde said that it can treat diabetes, because its fiber is both soluble and insoluble fiber, so the insoluble fiber slows down how long it takes the sugar to be released into your blood stream and system. But look at what researchers are saying.

 

THE FOLLOWING RESEARCH SUMMARIES ABOUT PRICKLY PEAR CACTUS (NOPAL) ARE PROVIDED FOR GENERAL EDUCATIONAL AND INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY.  THE INFORMATION BELOW WAS CONDUCTED BY VARIOUS UNIVERSITIES AND OR AUTHORS THAT PUBLISHED INFORMATION INDEPENDENTLY IN JOURNALS OR AS ARTICLES ABOUT PRICKLY PEAR CACTUS IN GENERAL. 

 

ONLY THE SUMMARIES AND SOURCES ARE BELOW, YOU MAY WISH TO OBTAIN THE REPORT OR STUDY IN ITS ENTIRETY.

 

1. Cactus (NOPAL): a natural product in cancer chemoprevention.

Source: September 2005, Nutrition Journal, 4:25.   By: University of Arizona’s Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology; Arizona Cancer Center, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Tucson, Arizona; Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Fudan University,  Shanghai, China; Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi, China. 

SUMMARY:  Anti-cancer: Prickly Pear Cactus (Nopal), extracts effectively inhibited cell growth in several different immortalized and cancer cell cultures in vitro and suppressed tumor growth in a nude mouse of an ovarian cancer model.  These effects of the extracts were comparable with those caused by a synthetic retinoid currently used in chemoprevention trials.  Currently, the team of research institutions is investigating the expressions of genes related to cell growth and apoptosis which may be altered by treatment with cactus products to elucidate possible pathways through which this natural product exerts its anti-cancer effects. 

  

2. Nutritional and medicinal use of Prickly Pear Cactus cladodes and fruits.

 Source:  September 2006, Frontiers in Bioscience, 11, 2574-2589. By: University of Arizona’s Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.  Institute of Food Technology, Plant Foodstuff Technology, Hohenheim University, Stuttgart, Germany.

SUMMARY:  Anti-cancer: based on recent studies cactus pear inhibits the proliferation of cervical, ovarian and bladder cancer cell lines in vitro and suppresses tumor growth in nude mice in vivo comparable to synthetic retinoid retinamide, which is currently used as a chemopreventive agent in ovarian cancer chemoprevention.  Anti-oxidant properties: The presence of several antioxidants (ascorbic acid, carotenoids, reduced glutathione, cysteine, taurine and flavonoids such as quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin) has been detected in cactus pear.  Recently the antioxidant properties of betalains (betanin and indicaxanthin) have been revealed in prickly pear.  Polyphenolics are antioxidants with well-known cardioprotective, anticancer, antiviral and antiallergenic properties.  Cactus polyphenolics induse a rise of the intracellular pool of calcium ions from the endoplasmic reticulum and thus perturb the expression of the interleukin 2, which is associated with the S-phase transition in human Jurkat T-cells.  Anti-viral effect:  Study demonstrated that administration of a cactus stem extract to mice, horses, and humans inhibits intracellular replication of a number of DNA- and RNA-viruses such as Herpes simplex virus Type 2, influenza virus, and HIV-1.  An inactivation of extra-cellular viruses was also reported by the same authors.

Anti-inflammatory agent:  Numerous studies have evocated the analgesic and anti-inflammatory actions of the prickly pear by using the fruit and stems.  The research identified beta-sitosterol as the active anti-inflammatory principle from the stem extract.

Anti-diabetic (type 2) effect:  Studies have demonstrated hypoglycemic  activity of the prickly pear cactus on diabetic humans.  Anti-hyperlipidemic and hypercholesterolemic effects:  Evidence suggest that prickly pear cactus  reduces cholesterol levels in human blood and modifies low density lipoprotein (LDL) composition.  Studies found that cholesterol LDL and triglyceride plasma levels were strongly reduced after 30 days of daily administration of cactus.  The effects of cactus are generally attributed to the high fiber content of the cladodes, although other active ingredients (such as beta-carotenes, vitamin E and beta-sitosterol) may be involved.  Further benefits:  While the cactus fruit has been traditionally used to treat ulcers, allergies, fatigue, and rheumatism and as an antiuric and diuretic agent, research has found alleviating effects toward alcohol hangover symptoms were associated with reduced inflammatory responses after excessive alcohol consumption.  Amongst the flavonoids extracted from the cactus fruit or stem, quercetin 3-methyl appears to be the most potent neuroprotector.

 

3. Supplementation with prickly pear cactus decreases oxidative stress in healthy humans: a comparative study with vitamin C.

Source: February 2004, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 80,391-5.   By: University of Palermo, Italy   

SUMMARY:  Consumption of prickly pear cactus positively affects the body’s redox balance, decreases oxidative damage to lipids, and improves antioxidant status in healthy humans.  Vitamin C is a well-characterized antioxidant in cactus pear fruit.  So, the research team compared the effects of supplementation with cactus pear fruit with those of supplementation of an equivalent dosage of vitamin C.   The results showed supplementations with vitamin C at a comparable dosage enhances overall antioxidant defense but does not significantly affect body oxidative stress.  Something in the cactus pear fruit other than vitamin C may help to decrease lipid oxidation.  Components of prickly pear cactus other than antioxidant vitamins may play a role in the observed effects.  The results of the present study further underscore that daily supplementation with 500g. cactus pear fruit pulp for 2 weeks greatly improves the oxidative stress status of healthy subjects.  Improved body redox status suggest major benefits from diets including cactus pear, which may reduce the risk of age-related and degenerative diseases in which the level of body oxidative stress may play a pathogenic role.  

 

4. Use of Opuntia Cactus as Hypoglycemic agent in Managing Type 2 Diabetes.

Source:  2007, Nutrition Bytes, 12:1. By:  Jose Luis Lopez, UCLA School of Medicine 

SUMMARY:  The prickly pear cactus’ pectin affectively decreases plasma LDL levels, increases expression of a polipoprotein receptor expression, increases hepatic LDL turnover, and affects cholesterol homeostasis in guinea pigs.  It demonstrates the ability to decrease blood glucose levels as well the hyperglycemic peak during glucose tolerance testing likely due to both fiber content and specific hypoglycemic agents.  In addition, the prickly pear cactus has demonstrated the ability to control experimentally induced diabetes.  Currently, homeopathic industries have begun to incorporate opuntia (prickly pear cactus) into supplements intended to help regulate plasma glucose levels.  Additional properties that would benefit patients with diabetes mellitus include its ability to reduce hypercholesterolemia, optimize platelet function, and decrease oxidative tissue damage.  The prickly pear cactus constitutes the herbal most commonly used for its hypoglycemic properties.  Its popularity in addition to its hypoglycemic properties makes the prickly pear cactus an ideal dietary constituent in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

  

5. Daily prickly pear cactus consumption improves platelet function.

Source:  2003, Science Direct, Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 69 (2003) 61-66 By:  R. Wolfram, A. Budinsky, Y. Efthimiou, J. Stomatopoulos, A. Oguogho, H. Sinzinger.  University of Vienna, Vienna Austria.

ABSTRACT: Prickly pear cactus is traditionally used by Pima Indians as a dietary nutrient against diabetes mellitus.  We examined the effect of daily consumption of 250 g in 8 healthy volunteers and 8 patients with mild familial heterozygous hypercholesterolemia on various parameters of platelet function.  Beside its action on lipids and lipoproteins, prickly pear cactus consumption significantly reduced the platelet proteins (platelet factor 4 and B-thromboglobulin), ADP-induced platelet aggregation and improved platelet sensitivity (against PGI and PGE) in volunteers as well as in patients.  Also plasma 11-DH-TXB and the WU-test showed a significant improvement in both patients and volunteers.  In contrast, collagen-induced platelet aggregation and the number of circulating endothelial cells showed a significant response in patients only.  No influence of prickly pear cactus ingestion on peripheral platelet count was monitored.  The dietary run-in period did not influence any of the parameters of haemostasis examined. Prickly pear cactus may induce at least part of its beneficial actions on the cardiovascular system via decreasing platelet activity and thereby improving haemostatic balance.

 

6. Antioxidant compounds from four Opuntia prickly pear cactus varieties

Source:  March 2003, Elsevier Food Chemistry, 85, 527-533.  By:  Joseph O. Kuti, Texas A & M University, Horticultural Crops & Food Research Laboratory.

SUMMARY:  The antioxidant compounds in extracts from prickly pear cactus were investigated.  Conjugated flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetic), asorbic acid and caarotenoids were isolated.  One of the most interesting findings in this study regarding the phytochemical content of cactus pear fruits is that the flavonoid quercetin is one of the most commonly consumed flavonoids and thus has been well studied for its potential health benefits.  Quercetin possesses anti-proliferate, anticarcinogenic and antioxidant activities.  The high antioxidant capacity of the prickly pear cactus, observed in this study, may be due to the high phenolic content or possible a combination of individual antioxidants producing synergistic effects.  This investigation shows the potential value of prickly pear cactus as a good source of natural antioxidants and that consumption of prickly pear cactus or its products may contribute substantial amounts of antioxidants to the diet that can be used in nutritional supplement formulations.

 

7. Pectins from Opuntia spp.: A Short Review.

Source:  February 2003,  Journal of PACD, 17-29 By:  Francisco M. Goycoolea and Adriana Cardenas; Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo, A.C., Laboratory of Biopolymers; Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo, A.C., Unidad Guaymas

SUMMARY:  Two distinctive water-soluble high-molecular weight pectin polysaccharide materials that occur in Opuntia prickly pear cactus have been extracted and studied in this research laboratory, namely the well-known mucilage and a calcium-sensitive gelling fraction.  It has been demonstrated experimentally that intake of prickly pear cactus pectin decreases plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels in guinea pigs as a good model to human plasma lipoprotein profile.  In patients suffering from Type 2 Diabetes, the hypoglycemic effect of cactus has long been documented.  As in the case of the hypocholesterolemic effects, the responsible mechanisms have not been established.  Other effects of the intake of cactus pectin that have been demonstrated include anti-inflammatory activity for the treatment of enteritis.  Undoubtedly, the whole subject area concerned with physiological effects of cactus pectins is complex and the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood, but the number of products based on Optunia is growing rapidly.

 

8. Absorption, excretion, and distribution of dietary antioxidant betalains in LDLs: potential health effects of betalains in humans

Source:   2004, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition; 2004;80:941-5 By: Luisa Tesoriere, Mario Allegra, Daniela Butera, and Maria A Livrea

ABSTRACT:  Background: Betalains were recently identified as natural antioxidants.  However, little is known about their bioavailability from dietary sources.  Objective:  The objective was to evaluate the bioavailability of betalains from dietary sources.  Conclusion:  Our results show that prickly pear cactus is a source of bioavailable betalains and suggest that indicaxanthin and betanin may be involved in the observed protection of LDL against ex vivo-induced oxidative modifications.

 

9. Sample text for Prickly pear cactus medicine: treatments for diabetes, cholesterol and the immune system.

Source:  Prickly Pear Cactus Medicine, Library of Congress Catalog: number 2004003633 By:  Ran Knishinsky,  

SUMMARY:   Prickly Pear Cactus Vitamin and Mineral Content:  The cactus is packed with co-factors that boost immunity.  It contains significant portions of the minerals calcium, magnesium, and potassium.  Nopal, Prickly Pear Cactus, also contains a large portion of antioxidant compounds, including flavonoids that help protect against cancer and are chiefly responsible for protecting the body against the oxidation of cholesterol.  Medicinal Benefits:  The Prickly Pear Cactus has been under intense research noting positive links between Prickly Pear Cactus and anti-hyperglycemic effects.  Studies suggest that daily intake of the Prickly Pear Cactus yielded positive results and exhibited a notable anti-diabetic effect.  Studies at the University of Arizona by Dr. Maria Luz Fernandez show the effects of diet on cholesterol metabolism.  The results of the tests point to a decrease in plasma cholesterol, which is mainly a decrease in low-density lipoprotein.  Other results also suggest that prickly pear pectin may modulate the body’s glucose response.

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Por Que El Nopal Es Necesario en Nuestra Dieta

El Nopal es muy conocido en México y es una grapa dietética con los Mexicanos. De hecho, es tan reverenciado que hasta la bandera de México lleva un emblema en honor al cactus (Nopal). También se puede encontrar tan al norte como en Canadá y tan al sur como en Argentina y se distribuye a lo largo de Europa, La India, África y el Mediterráneo. Diversos métodos de propagación pueden ser una razón de por qué se encuentra en todo el mundo.

 

El Nopal se separa en dos grupos: Cylindropuntia y Platyopuntia. Platyopuntia es de la familia que se cosecha la Opuntia Ficus-Indica. Las pencas son verdes, oblongadas y planas. Y forman parte de la dieta en México. Comúnmente conocidos otros nombres de Nopal son orejas de conejo, prickly pear cactus, cactus sin espina dorsal, lengua del diablo, etc..

 

¿Por qué Nopal es necesario hoy día en nuestra dieta?

 

En los últimos 75 años, nuestras dietas y estilos de vida han cambiado dramáticamente. Nuestros antepasados una vez trabajan sus propias granjas, comían de sus jardines y bebían agua potable y pura. No se utilizaron pesticidas y las semillas no fueron alteradas genéticamente con organismos extraños a nuestros cuerpos. Ni fueron agotadas las tierras y los cultivos no se cosechaban inapropiadamente. Pero las prácticas agrícolas han cambiado dramáticamente y también la salud de la población ha cambiado. Las enfermedades nos están afectando cada vez más y a edades más jóvenes. En Norteamérica, las estadísticas muestran que 1 en 2 hombres y 1 de cada 3 mujeres desarrollarán alguna forma de cáncer (1). Una razón por la falta de salud buena es la dieta estándar americana (SAD). Con estilos de vida agitados, más alimentos de conveniencia rápidos y menos verduras frescas del jardín, ya no se consumen alimentos nutritivos. Por lo tanto, es cada vez más importante saber a dónde acudir para complementar y enriquecer a nuestra dieta. Y el Cactus Nopal puede ser parte de la solución a nuestro dilema de dieta (2).

 

El Nopal es suculento y contiene 90% agua, materia seca de 10% y 15% de su peso está en el contenido de la fibra. Las fibras solubles e insolubles están presentes en el Nopal ye so cuenta para todas las fibras conocidas. El Nopal contiene un balance completo de  fibras; es increíblemente una concentración, orgánica de nutrición y ahora está disponible. Estas fibras de origen natural son una matriz de alimentos que reduce el tiempo de “tránsito” en el intestino. Este punto también es la relación entre una dieta alta en fibra y un menor riesgo de una salud mala.

 

Joyce Saltsman, una nutricionista declaró: “… nadie sabe si un tipo específico de fibra es más beneficioso que otro, ya que los alimentos ricos en fibra tienden a contener varios tipos” (3). sin embargo, siempre que sea posible, la fibra soluble e insoluble debe ser consumido diariamente.

 

Aunque no hay un consenso claro sobre cuánta fibra es necesaria para una salud óptima, se conviene que los habitantes de los EEUU no comen lo suficiente. Una encuesta nacional informó que la ingesta de fibra es extremadamente baja, con un promedio de sólo 7 gramos de fibra por 1.000 calorías de los alimentos ingeridos.

 

Según los profesionales de la salud en la Universidad de california Los Ángeles (UCLA), 25-40 gramos de fibra por día es la cantidad recomendada. Al añadir fibra a su dieta, se sugiere una ingesta gradual para minimizar los efectos secundarios, tales como gases intestinales, y también debe incorporarse más ingesta de agua. Para complementar su comida con Nopal puede beneficiarle con uno de los requisitos de fibra y le provee minerales, antioxidantes, vitaminas y fotoquímicas que ocurren naturalmente.

 

¿Cuáles son los beneficios del Nopal?

 

Regulación de azúcar en la sangre

Según la Asociación Americana de Diabetes, se estima que 17 millones de americanos o 6.2% de la población tienen diabetes (4). ¿Lo más sorprendente es que 1 de cada 3 ni lo saben! Aún más hay aproximadamente 850.000 a 1.7 millones de personas con diabetes tipo 1 en los EEUU hoy. También hay una tendencia alarmante entre los jóvenes que desarrollan diabetes tipo 2, una forma que fue diagnosticada previamente en adultos solamente.

 

El panorama es diferente para las personas que consumen el Nopal para cumplir con parte de sus necesidades nutricionales. El Nopal se consume en gran parte por personas de ascendencia mexicana y es parte de la dieta regular cuando la glucosa en la sangre está elevada (5). Se puede ver que el nopal controla el nivel de fluctuación de azúcar; sin embargo, se desconoce el mecanismo exacto por el cual el nopal baja el nivel de glucosa. Numerosos estudios han indicado que la ingesta de mucha fibra ayuda indirectamente al metabolismo de la glucosa en el cuerpo (7).  El mecanismo de acción para la actividad hipoglicémica (bajar los niveles de glucosa en la sangre) se cree que es debido en parte al contenido de fibra soluble de las plantas. Porque el Nopal es una buena fuente de fibra y pectina, se cree que actúan principalmente para reducir la absorción de glucosa en la tracto  gastrointestinal (8).

 

Las concentraciones de insulina disminuyen con el consumo de Nopal; por lo tanto, se cree que otro beneficio de Nopal es el mejoramiento la sensibilidad a la insulina (9). Algunos investigadores encuentran que el aumentar la fibra disminuye la necesidad del cuerpo para insulina (10, 11). Esto es una gran noticia para los diabéticos. Estudios con el Nopal en animales pancreático-tomizados (sin páncreas) han demostrado que la actividad hipoglicémica no depende de la presencia de insulina (12, 13, 14). La pulpa del Nopal también es rico en fibras solubles e insolubles y es una buena fuente de vitamina C, calcio, potasio y hierro (15).

 

Cardiovascular

 Un análisis de muchos ensayos con fibra soluble revela que tiene un efecto de reducir el colesterol, pero el grado de reducción del colesterol en muchos estudios era muy modesto (16). Por razones desconocidas, las dietas más altas en fibra insoluble (en su mayoría sin relación a los niveles de colesterol) se han divulgado para correlacionar mejor con protección contra las enfermedades del corazón en hombres y mujeres (17, 18). Otro estudio de seguimiento por 10 años con más de 68,000 mujeres, confirmó que los efectos protectores de la fibra contra la cardiopatía que estudios previos habian encontrado en los hombres (19).

 

Regulación del colesterol

 El alto contenido de pectina, aminoácidos y B3 (niacina) en el Nopal puede ayudar a la producción de exceso del bilis y retención de azúcar asociada con el colesterol alto. Los ácidos biliares excesivos eventualmente se convierten en colesterol. Investigaciones han demostrado que el nopal aumenta el tiempo de tránsito de las grasas y azúcar en el intestino. Esta acción reduce posiblemente colesterol y triglicéridos excesivos en la sangre. Los estudios de otras investigaciones sobre B3, vitamina C y beta-caroteno muestran un aumento de lipoproteínas de alta densidad (HDL, colesterol bueno) y una reducción de las lipoproteínas de baja densidad (colesterol malo, LDL) 20. Estos nutrientes son altos en propiedades antioxidantes que mantienen las paredes arteriales libres de daño de vasos sanguíneos, reduciendo así el riesgo de la enfermedad cardiac (21,22). Porque las enfermedades cardiovasculares estás catalogadas como la causa en casi la mitad de todas las muertes relacionadas con la diabetes. Las revistas, National Cholesterol Education Program (programa nacional de educación sobre el cholesterol), recientemente publicadas enfatizan la importancia de la gestión agresiva de lípidos en personas con diabetes. El consumo del Nopal puede ser parte del enfoque de gestión para los pacientes. Ensayos clínicos han demostrado los beneficios del Nopal para el mejoramiento en lípidos (23). Estos nutrientes son altos en propiedades antioxidantes que mantienen las paredes arteriales libres de daño del vaso sanguíneo reduciendo así el riesgo de enfermedad cardíaca.

 

Tracto gastrointestinal

 Un cuerpo sano tiene un colon sano y activo. Sin embargo, una dieta baja en fibra juega un papel importante en la creación de un mal funcionamiento del intestino. Según la Asociación Americana de diabetes, los americanos consumen menos de 20 a 35 gramos de fibra diaria necesaria para eliminar el estreñimiento. Esto contribuye a la queja gastrointestinal más común en los Estados Unidos, que representa anualmente 2 millones visitas al doctor y más $725 millones gastados anualmente en laxantes. De hecho, una encuesta nacional de salud realizada en 1991 notó que 4.5 millones de personas en los EEUU estuvieron constipados la mayor parte de tiempo (24).

 

Aproximadamente  un tercio (1/3) de todos los norteamericanos mayores de 45 años y dos tercios (2/3) de todas las personas mayores de 85 tienen inflamado los divertículos en su colon. Un estudio publicado, que involucró a más de 40.000 hombres de mediana edad a ancianos, demostró que una ingesta mayor de fibra se traduce a una menor incidencia de generar síntomas de diverticulosis (25). Con esta  condición pequeños bolsillos de presión extendidos y salientes se formaron en el intestino durante las deposiciones. Una dieta baja en fibra promueve diverticulosis debido a filtrar o dificultad para defecar. Esto aumenta la presión de colon y así conduce a la formación de diverticulas Inflamadas (25).

Con estos pequeños bolsillos de la condición del intestino se forman, globos aerostáticos protuberancias generalmente de la presión del esfuerzo durante las deposiciones. Una dieta baja en fibra promueve diverticulosis debido a filtrar o dificultad para defecar. Esto aumenta la presión de colon y así conduce a la formación de divertículos inflamados.

 

El Nopal tiene la gama completa de fibra necesaria para las etapas finales del proceso de digestión. Las fibras solubles e insolubles pueden reducir constipación (26). La pectina, goma y mucílago absorben el agua, aumentando el volumen fecal y contribuyen diariamente a más movimientos intestinales. Además, lignina celulosa y hemi-celulosa tallan y cepillan la membrana intestinal. Esta acción aumenta la absorción de nutrientes y reduce la absorción de desecho tóxico en el torrente sanguíneo.

 

Funciones del hígado

También hay evidencia que la fibra soluble puede retardar la fabricación del hígado del colesterol, y tambien alterar las partículas de lipoproteínas de baja densidad (LDL) para hacerlos más grandes y menos densos. Además; los investigadores creen que las pequeñs y densas partículas del colesterol LDL aumenta riesgos peligrosos para la salud (27). El colesterol HDL se conoce como colesterol “bueno” porque parece que un alto nivel de HDL protégé las paredes arteriales. Alrededor de un tercio (1/3) a una cuarta (1/4) parte de colesterol en la sangre es llevado por la lipoproteína de alta densidad o HDL. Expertos médicos creen que el HDL tiende a sacar al LDL de la sangre y llevarlo al hígado, donde se pasa a la circulación enterohepática y luego es descartado al intestino. Algunos expertos creen que el HDL elimina el exceso de colesterol de las placas y así desminuye su crecimiento. En otras palabras, le da al hígado la- capacidad de sacar el exceso de colesterol y para desintoxicar adicionales toxinas de la sangre.

 

Pérdida de peso/obesidad

 Un estudio revelador siguiendo la salud de los estadounidenses en las últimas tres décadas indica una crisis de salud que afecta no sólo a adultos, pero a la gran mayoría de nuestros hijos! La obesidad es un problema creciente y el aumento continuo de los niños con sobrepeso y adolescentes es de gran preocupación porque plantea mayores riesgos de salud en la edad adulta. Enfermedades crónicas degenerativas que afectan a los adultos ahora están afectando a nuestra juventud. Hay un mayor riesgo de enfermedad cardíaca, diabetes, hipertensión arterial y accidente cerebrovascular. También incluyen ciertos tipos de cáncer, el artritis y problemas de la respiración (28).

Utilizado por siglos, el Nopal es conocido como una “cura de azúcar” en México. Cuando se comen los alimentos agotados de fibra, sigue con una montaña rusa de niveles de azúcar en la sangre y el cuerpo responderá almacenando el exceso de azúcar como grasa. Sin embargo, la fibra soluble retarda la tasa en la cual la comida se desahce y absorbida en el torrente sanguíneo, como glucosa. La fibra es el sueño de uno que quiere perder peso porque puede ampliar lignina, celulosa y hemicelulosa en el estómago, creando llenura y por lo tanto menos ingesta de alimentos (29). Además, investigaciones han demostrado en estudios con animales una significativa reducción de la grasa versus proporción de músculo magro cuando se incluye el Nopal en la dieta (30). El Nopal como supplement puede asistir a un programa de manejo de peso creando saciedad y disminuyendo el consumo de calorías.

 

Otros beneficios del Cactus Nopal

 

* Aumento de energía

* Limpia la vejiga

* Soporta la función urinaria

* Mejora la circulación

* Ayuda a disminuir el apetito

* Ayuda a la digestión

* Limpia el sistema linfático

* Previene las úlceras

* Limpia el Colon

* Apoya la función del hígado

* Bloquea la absorción de grasa

* Baja la presión arterial

 

Fibras Dietarias

 

Fibras Solubles

Las fibras solubles son solubles en agua e incluyen pectina, gomas y mucilagos. Estas fibras también se piensan tener beneficio en la reducción de colesterol en la sangre. Por lo tanto estas fibras solubles son valiosos componentes de una dieta para bajar el cholesterol (31). Aumentan la viscosidad del alimento en el intestino, reducen el tiempo de vaciado del estómago y retrasan o reducen la absorción de glucosa en la sangre. Agentes con un alto contenido de fibra soluble disminuyen después de los niveles de glucosa—un beneficio cada vez más atractivo con el énfasis actual en el control más estricto postprandial (32). Mucílago—una sustancia gelatinosa de varias plantas que contienen proteínas y polisacáridos y es similar a las encías de la planta. ‡ (Regula la glucosa en la sangre, elimina toxinas y colesterol)

Las encías—cualquiera de varias sustancias viscosas que son exudadas por ciertas plantas y árboles y se secan en sólidos frágil y solubles en agua. † (elimina el colesterol LDL y toxinas)

 

Pectina—cualquiera de varias sustancias solubles en agua que se unen adyacentes de las paredes celulares en los tejidos vegetales y rendir un gel. ‡

(Elimina las toxinas, metales pesados, agentes carcinógenos, disminuye la absorción de los alimentos)

 

Fibra Insoluble

 Las fibras insolubles incluyen celulosa, hemicelulosa y lignina. Estas fibras de las plantas no se disuelven en agua. Aumentan el granel fecal y causan que los heces se mueva más rápidamente a través de los intestinos. Estas fibras son más propensas a ser utilizadas en el tratamiento o la prevención de constipación (33).

 

Hemi-celulosa—cualquiera de varios polisacáridos que son más complejos que un azúcar y menos compleja que la celulosa, encontrada en las paredes celulares de la planta. † (absorbe el agua, aumenta el heces)

 

Celulosa—un polisacárido (C6H10O5) de unidades de glucosa que es el componente principal de todos los tejidos vegetales y fibras. ‡ (facilita estreñimiento, elimina toxinas y sustancias cancerígenas)

 

Lignina—un polímero amorfo relacionado a la celulosa que proporciona rigidez y junto con la celulosa forma las paredes celulares de plantas y el material de cementación entre ellos. ‡ (elimina el colesterol, se une con los ácidos biliares)

 

Naturales: Fitoquímicos, antioxidantes, 17 aminoácidos

Vitaminas: A, B1, B2, B, 3 y vitamina C

Sales Minerales: potasio, magnesio y hierro, alta en calcio y baja en sodio,

¿Cuánta fibra es suficiente? La pregunta es difícil puesto que la RDA (la dosis recomendada)  no existe para la fibra y hay desacuerdo entre los expertos sobre cuánta fibra es adecuada para una salud óptima. Pero a pesar de la falta de un consenso claro, es generalmente aceptado que los ciudadanos de los EEUU comen muy poco: una encuesta de la dieta nacional informó que la ingesta de fibra es bastante baja, con un promedio de unos 7 gramos de fibra por 1.000 calorías de los alimentos ingeridos (alrededor de 14 gramos por día para una dieta de 2,000 calorías típico). ©

 

Nopal 100% Natural y Orgánico está disponible ahora con NopaLife Etc. en cápsulas o jugo concentrado.

 

Referencias
______________________________

1 Mizrahi, Y., A. Nerd, and P.S. Nobel (1996). Cacti as crops. Hort. Rev. 18:291-320.

2 1998 Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society

3 Feskens, EJM. In: Nutrition in the Control of Metabolic Diseases, World Rev Nutr Diet vol. 69, Basel: Karger; 1992:1-39.

4 FDA’s Office of Food Labeling

5 El Kossori RL, Villaume C, El Boustani E, et al. Composition of pulp, skin and seeds of prickly pears. Plant Foods Hum Nutr, 1998; 52:263- 270.

6 Taddei-Bringas GA, Santillana-Macedo MA, Romero-Cancio JA, et al. Acceptance and use of medicinal plants in family medicine. Salud Publica Mex. 1999; 41:216-20

7 Frati-Munari AC, Yever-Garces A, Becerril M, Islas S, Ariza R. Studies on the mechanism of “hypoglycemic” effect of nopal (opuntia sp). Arch Invest Med (Mex), 1987; 18:7-12.

8 Frati-Munari AC, Fernandez-Harp JA, de la Riva H, Ariza-Andraca R, del Carmen Torres M. Effects of nopal (Opuntia sp) on serum lipids, glycaemia, and body weight. Arch Invest Med (Mex), 1983; 14:117-125.

9 Meckes-Lozyoa M, Roman-Ramos R: Opuntia streptacantha: a coajutor in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Am J Chin Med 14:116-118, 1986

10 Frati AC, Gordillo BE, Altamirano P, Ariza R. Hypoglycemic effects of Opuntia steptacantha Lemaire in NIDDM. Diabetes Care, 1988; 11:63-66.

11 Ibanez-Camacho R, Meckes-Lozyoa M, Mellado-Campos V. The hypoglycemic effects of Opuntia steptacantha studied in different experimental models. J Ethnopharm, 1983; 7:175-181.

12 Ibanez-Camacho R, Roman-Ramos R: Hypoglycemic effect of Opuntia cactus. Arch Invest Med 10:223-230, 1979

13 Anderson JW, Gustafson NS, Bryart CA, Tietyen-Clark J. Dietary fiber and diabetes. J. Am. Diet Assoc. 1987; 87:1189-97

14 Nuttall FW. Dietary fiber in the management of diabetes. Diabetes 1993; 42:503-8.

15 USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Nutrient Data Laboratory Web site. Available at: http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/cgibin/ nut_search.pl. Accessed December 14, 2001. El Kossori RL, Villaume C, El Boustani E, et al. Composition of pulp, skin and seeds of prickly pears. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1998; 52:263-70..

16 Brown L, Rosner B, Willett WW, Sacks FM. Cholesterol-lowering effects of dietary fiber: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 1999; 69:30-42.

17 Jenkins DJA, Kendall CWC, Ransom TPP. Dietary fiber, the evolution of the human diet and coronary heart disease. Nutr Res 1998; 18:633-52 [review].

18 .Wolk A, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, et al. Long-term intake of dietary fiber and decreased risk of coronary hart disease among women. JAMA 1999; 281:1998-2004.

19 JAMA, June 2, 1999-Vol 281, No 21
.
20 Fernandez ML, Lin EC, Trejo A, et al. Prickly pear (Opuntia sp.) pectin alters hepatic cholesterol metabolism without affecting cholesterol absorption in guinea pigs fed a hypercholesterolemic diet

21, Fernandez ML, Lin EC, Trejo A, McNamara DJ. Prickly pear (Opuntia sp.) pectin reverses low density lipoprotein receptor suppression induced by a hypercholesterolemic diet in guinea pigs. J Nutr. 1992; 122:2330.

22 Fernandez ML, Lin EC, Trejo A, et al. Prickly pear (Opuntia sp.) pectin alters hepatic cholesterol metabolism without affecting cholesterol absorption in guinea pigs fed a hypercholesterolemic diet. J Nutr. 1994; 124:817-24.

23 Executive Summary of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA. 2001; 285:2486-97.

24 National Institutes of Health

25 The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1994

26 American Council on Science and Health Volume 9 Number 1, 1997
27 This article originally appeared in the July-August 1997 FDA Consumer and contains revisions made in September 1998
28 Nation Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2000

29 Johns Hopkins, Bayview Medical Center
30 Frati, A.C., J. A. Fernandez, H. de la Riva, R. Ariza, and M.D. C. Torres. 1983. Effects of nopal (Opuntia sp) on serum lipids, glycemia, and body weight. Arch. Invest. Med. (Mex) 14:117-125.
31 The American Council on Science and Health

32 Bastyr E, Stuart C, Brodows R, et al. Therapy focused on lowering post- 1c. Diabetes Care, 2000; 23:136-41

33 The American Council on Science and Health

‡ Merriam Webster Dictionary

† Dictionary.com

Nopal – Why Its Needed In Our Diets Today

NOPAL CACTUS

The cactus is known as Nopal in Mexico and it is a dietary staple of the native people. In fact, it is so revered that the flag of Mexico carries an emblem in honor of the cactus. It can also be found as far north as Canada and as far south as Argentina and is distributed throughout Europe, India, Africa, and the Mediterranean. Diverse methods of propagation may be one reason why it is located throughout the world.

Nopal is separated into two groups: Cylindropuntia and Platyopuntia. Platyopuntia is in the family that Opuntia Ficus-Indica is harvested. The pads or cladodes are green, oblong like and flat and are part of the diet in Mexico. Commonly known names for Nopal are bunny ears, prickly pear cactus, spineless cactus, devil tongue, etc.

Why Is Nopal Needed In Our Diets Today?

In the past 75 years, our life styles and diets have changed dramatically. Our forefathers once worked on the farms, ate from their gardens, and drank pure clean water. Pesticides were not used and seeds were not genetically altered with organisms that were foreign to our bodies. Soils were not depleted and crops were not improperly harvested. But farming practices have changed dramatically over the past several generations and so has the health of the population of our country. More and more diseases are affecting us at younger ages. In America statistics show 1 in 2 men and 1 in 3 women will develop some form of cancer in their lives. One reason for the decline of health is the standard American diet (SAD). With hectic life styles, convenience food on the rise and less vegetables picked fresh from the garden, nutrient dense food is no longer consumed. Therefore, it is increasingly important to know where to turn to complement and enrich our diet. And the Nopal cactus may well be part of the solution to our dietary dilemma.ii

Nopal is succulent, containing 90% water, 10% dry matter and 15% of its weight is in the fiber contents. The soluble and insoluble fibers are all present in Nopal which account for all known fibers. Because Nopal contains a complete balance of fibers, an incredible, concentrated, organic food is now available. These naturally occurring fibers are in a food matrix which reduces the “transit time” in the bowel. This point also has been thought to partially explain the link between a high fiber diet and a reduced risk of.

Joyce Saltsman, a nutritionist stated: “… no one knows whether one specific type of fiber is more beneficial than another since fiber-rich foods tend to contain various types,” However, whenever it is possible, both soluble and insoluble fiber should be eaten on a daily basis.

Although there is no clear consensus on how much fiber is necessary for optimal health, it is agreed that U.S. citizens do not eat nearly enough. A national survey reported that our intake of fiber is extremely low, averaging only 7 grams of fiber per 1,000 calories of food eaten. To confuse matters more the Recommended Daily
Allowance (RDA) does not even list fiber requirements. According to health professionals at UCLA, 25-40 grams of fiber per day is a recommended amount. When adding fiber to one’s diet, a gradual intake is suggested to minimize side effects, such as intestinal gas, and increased water intake should also be incorporated. Supplementing with a whole food such as Nopal can benefit one’s daily fiber requirements and provide naturally occurring phytochemicals, antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals.iv

What are the Benefits of Nopal?

Blood Sugar Regulation:

According to the American Diabetes Association, it is estimated that17 million Americans or 6.2 percent of the population have diabetes. What is so astounding is that 1 in 3 does not know it! Further more there are approximately 850,000 to 1.7 million people with type 1 diabetes in the United States today. There is also an alarming trend among youth who are developing type 2 diabetes, a form that was previously diagnosed in adults only.

The picture is different with people who use the Nopal cactus to fulfill part of their nutritional needs. Nopal is consumed largely by persons of Mexican descent and is taken as part of the regular diet when the blood glucose is elevated or on an as-needed basis.5 Nopal appears to level out sugar fluctuation; however, the exact mechanism by which nopal decreases blood glucose is unknown. Numerous studies have indicated high fiber intake indirectly aids glucose metabolism in the body.7 The mechanism of action for hypoglycemic activity (lowering blood glucose levels) is thought to be due in part to the plant’s high soluble fiber content. Because Nopal is a good source of fiber and pectin, it is believed to act primarily by decreasing glucose absorption in the gastrointestinal tract.8

Insulin concentrations decrease with Nopal administration; therefore, enhanced insulin sensitivity is another theorized benefit of Nopal.9 Some researchers find that increasing fiber decreases the body’s need for insulin.10,11 This is great news for diabetics. Studies with Nopal in pancreatic-tomized (no pancreas) animals have shown that the hypoglycemic activity does not depend on the presence of insulin.12,13,14 Nopal pulp is also rich in soluble and insoluble fibers and is a good source of vitamin C, calcium, potassium, and iron.15

Cardiovascular:

An analysis of many trials of soluble fiber reveals it has a cholesterol-lowering effect, but the degree of cholesterol reduction in many studies was quite modest.16 For unknown reasons, diets higher in insoluble fiber (mostly unrelated to cholesterol levels) have been reported to correlate better with protection against heart disease in both men and women.17,18 Another study tracked more than 68,000 women over 10 years and confirmed the protective effects of fiber against heart disease that previous studies have found in men.19

Cholesterol Regulation:

The high content of pectin’s, amino acids, and B3 (niacin) in Nopal may assist the excess bile production and sugar retention associated with high blood cholesterol. Excessive bile acids are eventually converted to cholesterol. Research has shown Nopal increases the transit time of fats and sugar in the bowel. This action possibly reduces excessive cholesterol and triglycerides in the bloodstream. Other research studies on B3, vitamin C and beta-carotene show an increase of High-density lipoproteins (good cholesterol, HDL) and a reduction of Low-density lipoproteins (bad cholesterol, LDL).20 These nutrients are high in anti-oxidant properties that keep arterial walls free from blood vessel damage, thus reducing the risk of heart disease. 21,22 Because cardiovascular disease is listed as the underlying cause in nearly half of all diabetes-related deaths, the recently published revised National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines emphasize the importance of aggressive lipid management in people with diabetes. The use of Nopal can be part of the management approach in some patients. Clinical trials have demonstrated the benefit of Nopal for improvement in lipid profiles.23 These nutrients are high in anti-oxidant properties that keep arterial walls free from blood vessel damage thus reducing the risk of heart disease.

Gastrointestinal Tract:

A healthy body has a healthy and active colon. However, a diet low in fiber plays a significant role in creating a poorly functioning bowel. According to the American Diabetic Association, Americans fall short of the 20 to 35 grams of daily fiber necessary to eliminate constipation. This contributes to the most common gastrointestinal complaint in the United States, accounting for 2 million annual visits to the doctor and over $725 million spent on laxatives annually. In fact, a National Health Interview Survey conducted in 1991stated that 4.5 million people in the United States were constipated most or all the time.24
Roughly one third of all North Americans over the age of 45 and two thirds of all persons over the age of 85 have inflamed diverticula’s in their colons. A published study, which involved more than 40,000 middle-aged to elderly men, showed that higher fiber intakes translated into a lower incidence of symptom-generating diverticulosis.25With this condition small pockets of the bowel form extended, ballooning protrusions usually from the pressure of straining during bowel movements. A diet that is low in fiber promotes diverticulosis because of straining or difficulty in defecating. This increases colon pressure and thus leads to the formation of inflamed diverticula’s.25
With this condition small pockets of the bowel form extended, ballooning protrusions usually from the pressure of straining during bowel movements. A diet that is low in fiber promotes diverticulosis because of straining or difficulty in defecating. This increases colon pressure and thus leads to the formation of inflamed diverticula’s.
Nopal has the full range of fiber necessary for the final stages of the digestion process. Soluble and insoluble fibers can reduce chronic constipation.26 Pectin, gums, and mucilage absorb water, increase fecal bulk, and contribute to more bowel movements daily. In addition, lignin, cellulose, and hemi cellulose scour and brush the intestinal membrane. This action enhances absorption of nutrients and reduces toxic waste uptake back into the bloodstream.

Liver Functions:

There also is some evidence that soluble fiber can slow the liver’s manufacture of cholesterol, as well as alter low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles to make them larger and less dense. Furthermore; researchers believe that small, dense LDL particles pose greater health risks.27 HDL cholesterol is known as “good” cholesterol because a high HDL level seems to protect arterial walls. About one-third to one-fourth of blood cholesterol is carried by high-density lipoprotein or HDL. Medical experts think HDL tends to carry LDL’s out of the blood and back to the liver, where it’s passed into the enterohepatic circulation and then discarded into the bowel. Some experts believe HDL removes excess cholesterol from plaque and thus slows its growth. In other words, the liver is able to release excess cholesterol and detoxify additional toxins from of the blood.

Weight Loss/Obesity:

An eye-opening study tracing the health of Americans over the past three decades indicates a health crisis that is not only affecting adults, but the vast majority of our children! Obesity is an escalating problem and the continuing increase of overweight children and adolescents is of great concern because it poses greater health risks in adulthood. Chronic degenerative diseases that afflict adults are now affecting our youth earlier on in life. There is an increased risk for heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and stroke. Also included are certain types of cancer, arthritis, and breathing problems.28

Used for centuries, Nopal cactus is known as a “sugar cure” in Mexico. When fiber depleted foods are eaten, a roller-coaster ride of blood sugar levels follows, and the body will respond by storing excess blood sugar as fat. However, soluble fiber slows the rate at which food is broken down and absorbed into the bloodstream as glucose. Fiber is a weight watcher’s dream since lignin’s, cellulose and hemicelluloses expand in the stomach, creating fullness, and therefore food intake is less.29 In addition, research has shown in animal studies a significant reduction of fat versus lean muscle ratio by including Nopal in the diet. 30 Supplementing with Nopal may assist a weight management program by creating satiety and lessening the consumption of calories.

Other Benefits of Nopal Cactus

* Increased Energy
* Cleanse Bladder
* Supports Urinary Function
* Circulation Improves
* Helps Decrease Appetite
* Helps With Digestion
* Cleanse Lymphatic System
* Prevent Ulcers
* Cleanse Colon
* Supports Liver Function
* Blocks Absorption Of Fat
* Lower Blood Pressure

Dietary Fibers

Soluble

Soluble fibers are water soluble and include pectin’s, gums, and mucilage’s. These fibers are also thought to be of some benefit in lowering blood cholesterol. Thus these soluble fibers are valuable components of a cholesterol-lowering diet. 31They increase the viscosity of food in the gut, slowing the emptying time of the stomach and delaying or reducing glucose absorption into the bloodstream. Agents with a high soluble fiber content decrease after meal glucose levels–an increasingly attractive benefit with the current emphasis on tighter postprandial control.32
Mucilage’s – a gelatinous substance of various plants that contain protein and polysaccharides and is similar to plant gums. ‡ (Regulates blood glucose, removes toxins and cholesterol)
Gums – any of various viscous substances that are exuded by certain plants and trees and dry into water-soluble, noncrystalline, brittle solids.† (Bulks up stool, removes LDL cholesterol and toxins)

Pectin – any of various water-soluble substances that bind adjacent cell walls in plant tissues and yield a gel.‡
(Removes toxins, heavy metals, carcinogens, slows absorption of foods)

Insoluble

Insoluble fibers include cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin. These plant fibers do not dissolve in water. They do increase fecal bulk and cause feces to move more rapidly through the intestines. These fibers are more likely to be used in the treatment or prevention of constipation.33

Hemi-cellulose – any of several polysaccharides that are more complex than a sugar and less complex than cellulose, found in plant cell walls.† (Absorbs water, bulks up stool)

Cellulose – a polysaccharide (C6H10O5) of glucose units that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers.‡ (Eases constipation, removes toxins and carcinogenic substances)

Lignin – an amorphous polymer related to cellulose that provides rigidity and together with cellulose forms the woody cell walls of plants and the cementing material between them.‡ (Removes cholesterol, binds with bile acids)

Naturally Occurring: Phytochemicals, Antioxidants, 17 Amino Acids
Vitamin: A, B1, B2, B,3 and Vitamin C
Minerals salts: Potassium, Magnesium, and Iron, High in Calcium, and Low in Sodium.

How much fiber is enough? The question is a difficult one since no RDA exists for fiber and there is disagreement among the experts about how much fiber is adequate for optimal health. But despite the lack of a clear consensus, it is generally agreed that U. S. citizens eat too little: A national diet survey reported that the intake of fiber is quite low, averaging only about 7 grams of fiber per 1,000 calories of food eaten (about 14 grams per day for a typical 2,000 calorie diet). ©
4R Health ProductsTM; Nopal cactus is available now, its called NopalacrinTM with 500 mg and 90 capsules per bottle.

References
______________________________

1 Mizrahi, Y., A. Nerd, and P.S. Nobel (1996). Cacti as crops. Hort. Rev. 18:291-320.

2 1998 Cancer Facts and Figures, American Cancer Society

3 Feskens, EJM. In: Nutrition in the Control of Metabolic Diseases, World Rev Nutr Diet vol. 69, Basel: Karger; 1992:1-39.

4 FDA’s Office of Food Labeling

5 El Kossori RL, Villaume C, El Boustani E, et al. Composition of pulp, skin and seeds of prickly pears. Plant Foods Hum Nutr, 1998; 52:263- 270.
6 Taddei-Bringas GA, Santillana-Macedo MA, Romero-Cancio JA, et al. Acceptance and use of medicinal plants in family medicine. Salud Publica Mex. 1999; 41:216-20

7 Frati-Munari AC, Yever-Garces A, Becerril M, Islas S, Ariza R. Studies on the mechanism of “hypoglycemic” effect of nopal (opuntia sp). Arch Invest Med (Mex), 1987; 18:7-12.

8 Frati-Munari AC, Fernandez-Harp JA, de la Riva H, Ariza-Andraca R, del Carmen Torres M. Effects of nopal (Opuntia sp) on serum lipids, glycaemia, and body weight. Arch Invest Med (Mex), 1983; 14:117-125.

9 Meckes-Lozyoa M, Roman-Ramos R: Opuntia streptacantha: a coajutor in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Am J Chin Med 14:116-118, 1986

10 Frati AC, Gordillo BE, Altamirano P, Ariza R. Hypoglycemic effects of Opuntia steptacantha Lemaire in NIDDM. Diabetes Care, 1988; 11:63-66.

11 Ibanez-Camacho R, Meckes-Lozyoa M, Mellado-Campos V. The hypoglycemic effects of Opuntia steptacantha studied in different experimental models. J Ethnopharm, 1983; 7:175-181.

12 Ibanez-Camacho R, Roman-Ramos R: Hypoglycemic effect of Opuntia cactus. Arch Invest Med 10:223-230, 1979

13 Anderson JW, Gustafson NS, Bryart CA, Tietyen-Clark J. Dietary fiber and diabetes. J. Am. Diet Assoc. 1987; 87:1189-97

14 Nuttall FW. Dietary fiber in the management of diabetes. Diabetes 1993; 42:503-8.

15 USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Nutrient Data Laboratory Web site. Available at: http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/cgibin/ nut_search.pl. Accessed December 14, 2001. El Kossori RL, Villaume C, El Boustani E, et al. Composition of pulp, skin and seeds of prickly pears. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 1998; 52:263-70..

16 Brown L, Rosner B, Willett WW, Sacks FM. Cholesterol-lowering effects of dietary fiber: a meta-analysis. Am J Clin Nutr 1999; 69:30-42.

17 Jenkins DJA, Kendall CWC, Ransom TPP. Dietary fiber, the evolution of the human diet and coronary heart disease. Nutr Res 1998; 18:633-52 [review].

18 .Wolk A, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, et al. Long-term intake of dietary fiber and decreased risk of coronary hart disease among women. JAMA 1999; 281:1998-2004.

19 JAMA, June 2, 1999-Vol 281, No 21
.
20 Fernandez ML, Lin EC, Trejo A, et al. Prickly pear (Opuntia sp.) pectin alters hepatic cholesterol metabolism without affecting cholesterol absorption in guinea pigs fed a hypercholesterolemic diet

21, Fernandez ML, Lin EC, Trejo A, McNamara DJ. Prickly pear (Opuntia sp.) pectin reverses low density lipoprotein receptor suppression induced by a hypercholesterolemic diet in guinea pigs. J Nutr. 1992; 122:2330.

22 Fernandez ML, Lin EC, Trejo A, et al. Prickly pear (Opuntia sp.) pectin alters hepatic cholesterol metabolism without affecting cholesterol absorption in guinea pigs fed a hypercholesterolemic diet. J Nutr. 1994; 124:817-24.

23 Executive Summary of the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III). JAMA. 2001; 285:2486-97.

24 National Institutes of Health

25 The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 1994

26 American Council on Science and Health Volume 9 Number 1, 1997
27 This article originally appeared in the July-August 1997 FDA Consumer and contains revisions made in September 1998
28 Nation Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2000

29 Johns Hopkins, Bayview Medical Center
30 Frati, A.C., J. A. Fernandez, H. de la Riva, R. Ariza, and M.D. C. Torres. 1983. Effects of nopal (Opuntia sp) on serum lipids, glycemia, and body weight. Arch. Invest. Med. (Mex) 14:117-125.
31 The American Council on Science and Health

32 Bastyr E, Stuart C, Brodows R, et al. Therapy focused on lowering post- 1c. Diabetes Care, 2000; 23:136-41

33 The American Council on Science and Health

‡ Merriam Webster Dictionary

† Dictionary.com

10 Razones para comer sano!

Heart-Healthy-Foods
Bueno, aquí están las 10 Razones Principales de Comer Saludable:

1. Sentirte mejor. Tan pronto como empieces a comer sano, tu cuerpo va a reaccionar y automáticamente comenzarás a sentirte mejor. Es una locura lo rápido que te sientes mejor. Trate de beber un vaso de agua y ve cómo te sientes. Es casi automático!

2. Te ves mejor. La nutrición es causa y efecto. Consume alimentos saludables del arco iris y comenzarás a reflejar la belleza de ese arco iris. Éste sólo tiene uno o dos días para empezar a ver resultados.

3. Tendrás más energía. La comida sana te da energía – te desintoxica, regula las hormonas y aumenta tu energia de forma natural. Alimentos poco saludables te privan de la energía, porque se necesita más energía para digerir, cual obstruye tu sistema y sobrecarga los sofocos y la hormonas que regulan los órganos como el hígado, riñones, páncreas, etc, etc

4. Tendrás una mente más clara. Dado que los alimentos saludables te desintoxican naturalmente, también te dará cuenta que tu mente es mucho más nítida y clara.

5. Duermes mejor. Yo no te puedo decir que tan verdad es esto. Las personas que sufren de insomnia realmente deberían echar un vistazo a su dieta diaria. Las toxinas en los alimentos tienen un efecto muy perjudicial en los patrones de sueño. Y si tu tiendes a comer alimentos pesados ​​justo antes de irte a dormir – aún peor. La comida sana regula todo, incluyendo tu sueño.

Healthy-Foods1

6. Te miras y sientes más joven. Los alimentos no sanos y cargados de toxinas tiende a atacar a nuestro sistema y la disminución de la capacidad de nuestro cuerpo a absorber las vitaminas, minerales y nutrientes esenciales , lo que nos hacen sentir y ver mucho más viejos de lo que queremos admitir. Una alimentación saludable, por el contrario, (del el arco iris del jardín) está llena de anti0xidants, vitaminas y enzimas que nos dan la energía que nos hace también ver y sentirnos jovenes y vibrantes.

7. Pesas Menos. Esto es casi un hecho. Si tu comes muchas frutas y verduras, sin duda tendrá un peso bajo -> incluso aun si consumes más. Un peso bajo significa menos carga para que el cuerpo transporte.

8. Menos Facturas Médicas. En ingles, la palabra “healthy” significa cúrarte a ti mismo: “Heal” “thy”. Al consumir una dieta saludable y nutritiva, puedes evitar muchas enfermedades como la diabetes, la insuficiencia cardíaca, cáncer y otras enfermedades crónicas que significa más dinero para ti y menos para el médico o los medicamentos.

9. Vivirás más años. Ok, ahora ve esto: Estás comiendo como una campeóna sana, pesas menos, lo que significa que llevas menos carga, te sientes descansada y joven -> estás definitivamente, sin duda alguna, aquí en la tierra a largo plazo.

10. Serás más feliz. Una buena nutrición sin duda eleva tu estado de ánimo. . .pero ¿por qué no? Piensalo: Comes como una campeóna sana, pesan menos, te ves hermosa, te sientes increíble, tu mente es tan filoza como una navaja de afeitar, duermes como una reina, te ves y te sientes joven, no tienes gastos médicos, estás casi garantizada una larga vida. . . . TU DEBES ESTAR FELIZ!

Resveratrol Benefits

Resveratrol-Beauty-Benefits
Amazing Benefits of Resveratrol Revealed

Resveratrol is all over the news these days. Stories of the amazing benefits of resveratrol can still take the unwary by surprise. Did you know that resveratrol has cancer fighting properties? That resveratrol in red wine is thought to be responsible for the French paradox? That the anti-aging benefits of resveratrol are so powerful that some have dubbed resveratrol the “Fountain of Youth”? Resveratrol is an anti-inflammatory, increases energy levels, lowers blood sugar and extends life. These are not outrageous claims — they are clinically studied and tested benefits of resveratrol.
That’s why resveratrol is such an exciting compound, and why you keep hearing so much about it.
Once, red wine was considered the best source of resveratrol benefits. Fortunately, today it is easy for anyone to take what some call the “red wine pill” to gain all the benefits of hundreds, or even thousands, of bottles of red wine in each dose. The benefits of resveratrol are astonishingly powerful.

Resveratrol sources
The most and popular sources of resveratrol are in red wine and grapes. Minute quantities of the antioxidant are also found in peanuts, but they are not used in supplementary applications. Instead, the Japanese knotweed plant is a very common source of resveratrol extracts in dietary supplements. Some people simply drink a glass or two of red wine each day in order to enjoy the health benefits of resveratrol. However, using a resveratrol supplement provides the benefits of hundreds, even thousands, of bottles of red wine in every pill. Resveratrol supplements are absolutely the best way to take advantage of the benefits of resveratrol.
Research on resveratrol benefits
Numerous studies have been conducted regarding various purported resveratrol benefits. Studies have primarily been conducted on laboratory animals, and while human search is very promising, is still in its earliest stages. Current research into resveratrol benefits points to resveratrol having amazing anti-aging properties, hence dubbed “The Fountain of Youth.” In several medical arenas it is agreed that resveratrol provides many key health benefits for the people who include proper quantities of it in their diets.
berry grape in a wine puddle
Resveratrol and anti-aging
Additional resveratrol benefits include cancer fighting and weight loss. Also, it is believed that resveratrol works as an effective anti-aging ingredient. This is because resveratrol is thought to stimulate the SIRT1 gene. This gene is the one responsible for reducing fat stores during low calorie diets. However, stimulation of this gene also seems to help slow down the aging process. Further study is needed, but many people swear by the anti-aging benefits of resveratrol in their diets. People looking for additional ways to slow down the aging process might try introducing this antioxidant to their health regimen as a way of enhancing it.
Resveratrol report on 60 Minutes

The buzz about resveratrol benefits reached a fever pitch when the antioxidant was featured on the well respected news show 60 Minutes. Correspondent Morley Schafer spoke with doctors and researchers regarding the various purported health benefits of resveratrol, bringing it to the attention of millions of television viewers around the world. Those who may have been reluctant to believe the hype surrounding this product were generally very impressed that a major show like 60 Minutes would feature it so prominently. (When was the last time you heard of so many amazing, scientifically-proven benefits with no side effects?)

Since then, the popularity of resveratrol as a supplement has grown even more. We analyzed, reviewed and rated the best resveratrol supplements- check out our resveratrol reviews to compare resveratrol supplements and see which resveratrol supplement is the best.
Live a longer, healthier and happier life by taking advantage of the benefits of resveratrol!

Beneficios del Resveratrol

resveratrol 1
El Resveratrol es miembro de un grupo de compuestos vegetales llamados polifenoles. Se cree que estos compuestos tienen propiedades antioxidantes y son capaces de proteger al organismo contra daños que generan un mayor riesgo de padecer enfermedades del corazón y cáncer.

¿Dónde se Encuentra el Resveratrol?

El Resveratrol se encuentra en la piel de las uvas rojas, también en el maní, las nueces, el cacahuete, la granada y el vino tinto.

La mayoría de cápsulas de Resveratrol que se venden en los EE.UU. contienen extractos de la planta Knotweed japonesa y de Polygonum Cuspidatum. Otros suplementos de Resveratrol se elaboran a partir del vino tinto o de extractos de uva roja.

El magnífico remedio natural Antioxiblend Pro es elaborado con la raíz del Polygonum Cuspidatum y con extractos de la planta Knotweed japonesa.

Beneficios del Resveratrol

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El Resveratrol es útil para proteger al cuerpo de afecciones como:

Enfermedades del corazón. El Resveratrol ayuda a reducir la inflamación, previene la oxidación del colesterol e impide que las plaquetas se peguen entre sí y formen coágulos que pueden provocar un ataque al corazón
Cáncer. El Resveratrol podría limitar la propagación de células cancerosas y activar el proceso de apoptosis (muerte celular)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer. El Resveratrol puede proteger a las células nerviosas del daño y la acumulación de placas que podrían conducir a la enfermedad de Alzheimer
Diabetes. El Resveratrol ayuda a prevenir la resistencia a la insulina
Podría incluso promover la longevidad
Precauciones

Hasta ahora, los estudios no han descubierto ningún efecto secundario grave, incluso cuando el Resveratrol es consumido en grandes dosis. Sin embargo, los suplementos de Resveratrol pueden interactuar con anticoagulantes como la warfarina (Coumadin) y medicamentos no esteroideos antiinflamatorios como la aspirina y el ibuprofeno, aumentando el riesgo de sangrado.

Por precaución no se recomienda su uso durante el embarazo o la lactancia.

10 habitos que ayudan a desarrollar diabetes

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1. Obesidad o sobrepeso. Según un estudio realizado en Estados Unidos, por cada kilo de peso que gana la gente, aumenta en 4.5% la probabilidad de desarrollar diabetes, explica Claudia Chávez, especialista en obesidad y comorbilidades, debido a que el exceso de glucosa se va a la sangre, además de causar resistencia a la insulina.

2. Mala alimentación. Una dieta pobre e inadecuada, cuyo consumo de alimentos ricos en hidratos de carbono y grasa provoca alteraciones en los niveles de glucosa y en la producción de insulina.

3. Fumar. De acuerdo con la American Diabetes Association, fumar produce un aumento en los niveles de azúcar en la sangre y, como consecuencia, puede ser una causa de prediabetes, o bien, hace más difícil controlar la diabetes.

4. Colesterol alto. Si la glucosa en la sangre y la presión arterial es alta, los niveles de colesterol y triglicéridos pueden ser la causa. Todos estos son factores de riesgo para la diabetes y enfermedades del corazón, y mientras más factores de riesgo se tengan, mayor es el riesgo.

5. Estrés. En el estudio The Australian diabetes, obesity and lifestyle, investigadores australianos han observado que el estrés está relacionado estrechamente con el metabolismo anormal de la glucosa, de manera especial en mujeres, quienes presentaron mayores niveles de tensión y preocupaciones.

6. Sedentarismo. La falta de ejercicio o actividad física contribuye a acumular mayor grasa abdominal y obesidad, factores de riesgo que causan diabetes, pero además, no realizar actividad física genera que se ralentice el metabolismo de la glucosa.

7. Alcohol. El consumo excesivo de alcohol puede aumentar el riesgo de desarrollar diabetes, ya que puede llegar a producir una inflamación crónica del páncreas, lo que conduce a una lesión permanente y a un deterioro de su capacidad para segregar insulina, según la Sociedad Española de Diabetes.

8. Hipertensión. Algunas medicinas para la presión alta afectan tus niveles de glucosa en la sangre, además de que si no es tratada y controlada a tiempo, puede afectar tus riñones, la vista y el corazón, explican especialistas de la Cleveland Clinic de Estados Unidos.

9. Falta de sueño. Se estima que 70% de personas con alteraciones del sueño, como la apnea del sueño, tienen un mayor riesgo de desarrollar diabetes y enfermedades cardiovasculares, explica el doctor Mauricio Moraira Beltrán, médico internista y educador en diabetes, debido a que provoca alteraciones en el metabolismo de la glucosa.

10. Bebidas azucaradas. Según un estudio publicado recientemente en la revista especializadaDiabetology, consumir una lata de refresco azucarado al día, puede llegar a aumentar la posibilidad de contraer diabetes del tipo 2 hasta en un 22%, además de contribuir a la obesidad e hipertensión.

Existen ciertos factores de riesgo que causan diabetes que no se pueden modificar, como la predisposición genética o historia familiar, o bien la edad; sin embargo, un cambio en el estilo de vida hacia hábitos más saludables permiten retrasar la aparición o de la diabetes e incluso pueden llegar a prevenirla, por ello es importante revisar de manera periódica el estado de salud.